Year 1990

08. January 1990

Photo: Tone Stojko, source: National Museum of Contemporary History

Democratic Opposition of Slovenia (DEMOS) as a pre-election coalition

Slovenian Democratic Union, Social Democratic Party of Slovenia, Slovenian Christian Democrats, Liberal Party, the Greens of Slovenia and the Slovenian Farmers’ Association (later Slovenian People’s Party) create DEMOS – Democratic Opposition of Slovenia as a pre-election coalition. Before the elections, the Slovenian Craftsmen's Party and the Grey Panthers (the organization of pensioners) join DEMOS as well. 

07. March 1990

Photo: Tone Stojko, source: National Museum of Contemporary History

Republic of Slovenia, without ‘Socialist’

Slovenian Assembly adopts the name “Republic of Slovenia”, without ‘Socialist’

29. March 1990

Photo: Government Communication Office

New Slovenian anthem

Zdravljica is proclaimed the new Slovenian anthem.

08. April 1990

Photo: Tone Stojko, source: National Museum of Contemporary History

The first democratic multiparty elections

The first democratic multiparty elections of 160 delegates to the Socio-political Chamber and the Chamber of Communes. Parallel to the general elections, presidential elections and elections of the Slovenia’s Presidency members are held. Ciril Zlobec, Matjaž Kmecl, Dušan Plut, and Ivan Oman are elected members of the Presidency. The Demos coalition wins the general elections with 54 per cent of the vote (Christian Democrats led by Lojze Peterle win the majority of the vote in the coalition – 13 %, thus gaining the right to become a formateur). Results: Party of Democratic Reform – 17,3 %, Liberal Party - 14,5%, Social Democratic Union of Slovenia - 7,4%, Slovenian Christian Democrats - 13,0%, the Slovenian Craftsmen's Party - 3,5%, Socialist Union of Slovenia - 5,4%, the Greens of Slovenia - 8,8%, Slovenian Democratic Union - 9,5%, Slovenian Farmers’ Association - 12,6%.

22. April 1990

Photo: Tone Stojko, source: National Museum of Contemporary History

Second round of presidential election

Milan Kučan wins the presidential seat in the second round with 58, 6 % of the vote. Jože Pučnik gets 41,4 % of the vote.

09. May 1990

Photo: Tone Stojko, source: National Museum of Contemporary History

France Bučar is appointed the President of the Assembly

Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia meets on its constitutive session and appoints France Bučar the President of the Assembly.

28. June 1990

Photo: Tone Stojko, source: National Museum of Contemporary History

Alojz Peterle forms the coalition Government

Alojz Peterle forms the coalition Government (Executive Council of the Assembly), composed of Slovenian Democratic Union, Social Democratic Union of Slovenia, Slovenian Christian Democrats, Slovenian Farmers’ Association, the Slovenian Craftsmen's Party and the Greens of Slovenia - the DEMOS coalition (the government term ends on 14 May 1992).

23. December 1990

Photo: National Museum of Contemporary History

Photo: National Museum of Contemporary HistoryPhoto: National Museum of Contemporary History

Photo: National Museum of Contemporary History

Plebiscite on independence of Slovenia

88.2 % of the people vote FOR an independent Republic of Slovenia.

26. December 1990

Photo: Tone Stojko, source: National Museum of Contemporary History

Announcement of the official results of the plebiscite

Announcement of the official results of the plebiscite on independence.